I find “Today in History” so interesting….. An Inquisition (by the Roman Catholic Church) for advocating what? A scientific theory!!! But that is honestly not what bothers me most… it is taking scripture out of context to support a Pretext that is not based on the pure word of Scripture! But… that’s a whole different post for a future date! Let’s get back to Today in History and Galileo, Aristotle and Copernicus!!!
Feb 13, 1633:
Galileo in Rome for Inquisition
On this day in 1633, Italian philosopher, astronomer and mathematician Galileo Galilei arrives in Rome to face charges of heresy for advocating Copernican theory, which holds that the Earth revolves around the Sun. Galileo officially faced the Roman Inquisition in April of that same year and agreed to plead guilty in exchange for a lighter sentence. Put under house arrest indefinitely by Pope Urban VIII, Galileo spent the rest of his days at his villa in Arcetri, near Florence, before dying on January 8, 1642.
Galileo, the son of a musician, was born February 15, 1564, in Pisa, Italy. He entered the University of Pisa planning to study medicine, but shifted his focus to philosophy and mathematics. In 1589, he became a professor at Pisa for several years, during which time he demonstrated that the speed of a falling object is not proportional to its weight, as Aristotle had believed. According to some reports, Galileo conducted his research by dropping objects of different weights from the Leaning Tower of Pisa. From 1592 to 1630, Galileo was a math professor at the University of Padua, where he developed a telescope that enabled him to observe lunar mountains and craters, the four largest satellites of Jupiter and the phases of Jupiter. He also discovered that the Milky Way was made up of stars. Following the publication of his research in 1610, Galileo gained acclaim and was appointed court mathematician at Florence.
Galileo’s research led him to become an advocate of the work of the Polish astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1573). However, the Copernican theory of a sun-centered solar system conflicted with the teachings of the powerful Roman Catholic Church, which essentially ruled Italy at the time. Church teachings contended that Earth, not the sun, was at the center of the universe. In 1633, Galileo was brought before the Roman Inquisition, a judicial system established by the papacy in 1542 to regulate church doctrine. This included the banning of books that conflicted with church teachings. The Roman Inquisition had its roots in the Inquisition of the Middle Ages, the purpose of which was to seek out and prosecute heretics, considered enemies of the state.
Today, Galileo is recognized for making important contributions to the study of motion and astronomy. His work influenced later scientists such as the English mathematician and physicist Sir Isaac Newton, who developed the law of universal gravitation. In 1992, the Vatican formally acknowledged its mistake in condemning Galileo.
Well, it’s time to count birds in our backyards again!! We had so much fun doing this count during our study of Apologia’s Flying Creatures, I figure we will make this an annual event. So we are getting everything ready! This year we are adding a few things to help with our bird identification. If you live in TN here is a link to the most common bird cards to print and study: http://jimmiescollage.com/2011/02/more-bird-resources-for-backyard-bird-count/
We will be using the Bird Observation sheet from The Notebooking Fairy http://notebookingfairy.com/2011/11/bird-observation-notebooking-page/.
For those that are doing or want to start a nature journal, here is a great bird feeder journal page: http://www.arps.org/users/ms/pricen/Science7/biology/Ecology/nfj/birdfder.pdf
We are going to make some homemade bird seed ornaments and suet to hang out. You can find recipes for both here: http://handsonaswegrow.com/homemade-heart-bird-feeder/# and http://www.artistic-garden.com/easy-homemade-bird-suet-recipe/
I hope you will get involved in the great backyard bird count! It is a fun and easy way to encourage our children to slow down, look around and to demonstrate making the time to study nature and our Father’s creation! Remember, our children do what we do, not what we say!!
Here lies the Skeletal Remains found in #3’s owl pellet. Well, actually, they are glued … but you get the point! Anyway… It is a rodent. So, here is a quick lesson on owl digestion from L&L Farm: Owl’s cannot digest the bones and fur of their prey, so they regurgitate those items … thus creating a fur covered (have I mentioned stinky already) pellet. The pellet can have several rodents or just one. #1 child dissected one pellet and he found huge bones, but no skull. #2 child found several skulls in the same pellet. #3 child found what is pictured. If you would like to dissect owl pellets, here is a great site to help you with the lesson plan. http://naturalsciences.sdsu.edu/classes/lab2.2/lab2.2.html. We purchased our owl pellets from Carolina Supply http://www.carolina.com/owl-pellets/owl-pellet-study-kits/FAM_227801.pr?catId=10786&mCat=10748&sCat=&ssCat=&question=